What Are the Stages of Child Awakening?
What Are the Stages of Child Awakening?
– What is the awakening of the child?
– Stimulating the child to encourage his awakening
– Awakening the child from 0 to 1-year-old
– Awakening of the child from 1 to 2 years old
– Awakening of the child from 2 to 3 years old
– Awakening of the child from 3 to 4 years old
The first months and years of a child’s life are conducive to developing his senses, motor skills, and psycho-affective development. This awakening of the child is done naturally, with the simple contact with the world that surrounds him, and progressively, through several stages.
What is the awakening of the child?
As the child grows, he gradually becomes aware of the world around him:
– His vision becomes clearer.
– His hearing is refined.
– His taste buds and sense of smell develop.
All these skills are acquired naturally and without any particular learning. Nevertheless, what allows the child to awaken to the world is his capacity to be in an environment that gives him emotional security. Therefore, the adult is a mediator of sensations; he presents the environment and offers things to baby that will awaken him.
A child needs to feel listened to in what he expresses and feels to grow up well. However, we must always keep in mind that each child is different and evolves at his own pace.
Stimulate the child to encourage his awakening
How can we help and stimulate the child’s development? In short, all activities are positive to awaken baby to the world around him… There is no point in doing too much at the risk of over-stimulating him. However, baby will love:
– going for a walk outside, going for a walk;
– listening to music;
– hearing nursery rhymes;
– being surrounded by a few toys, etc.
Awakening of the child from 0 to 1 year
Even if each child wakes up at his own pace, we can have specific benchmarks in relation to the child’s age, who necessarily goes through certain stages.
From 0 to 3 months: the age of sensory pleasures
– At the psychomotor level: around 3 months, he will start to hold his head upright.
– At the sensory level: from the first days of life, he begins to discover the world around him thanks to his senses. He recognizes his mother’s face close up, but his visual field is limited to 30 cm. At 2 months, he can follow with his eyes an object moving at 180 °. He is sensitive to high-pitched sounds, recognizes his parents’ voices, reacts to the smells of milk and his mother’s skin. He needs to touch and be cuddled. The taste develops.
– At the language level: he expresses himself by chirping, crying, and smiling. The smile-response appears around 2 months.
From 3 to 6 months
– At the psychomotor level: around 4 months, he can hold his head in line with his body and begin moving around in his bed by rotation. At 5 months, he can lift his whole chest by leaning on his forearms and can turn on his side. He likes to pedal with his legs. He can begin to grasp an object with 4 fingers. At 6 months, he sits up and turns from his stomach to his back.
– At the sensory level: at 3 months, he can see beyond 2.50 m. He discovers his environment thanks to his 5 senses which are becoming more refined. He needs to put everything in his mouth.
– At the social-cognitive level: he laughs aloud, makes vocalizations, and smiles in response.
From 6 to 9 months
– At the psychomotor level: he can remain seated without support. He is acquiring a pincer grasp by grasping between the thumb and the other fingers; he can reach a toy with his arms and pass it from one hand to the other. At 8 months, he begins to crawl. He claps, puppets, and says goodbye. At 9 months, he crawls, stands up, and holds on to furniture and the playpen. The claw is still being refined with the thumb and index finger.
– At the language level: he says several syllables.
– At the sensory level: from 7 to 9 months, his taste is refined, and he can refuse to eat.
– At the emotional and social level: at 8 months, he is worried about unfamiliar faces; it is the eighth-month anxiety. The cuddly toy’s age also reassures him because he is now aware that he and his mother are not one!
From 9 months to 1 year
– At the psychomotor level: he moves on all fours or his buttocks. He wants to hold his spoon and his glass. He stands up with support and then without the support and begins to walk.
– At the language level: he can say, daddy and mommy. He repeats more and more syllables and says some words.
Awakening of the 1 to 2-year-old child
During this second year of life, the child discovers the world differently and becomes more independent.
From 12 to 18 months
– At the psychomotor level: he begins to walk on his own and can climb stairs with help. Around 14-15 months, he can eat and drink by himself. He knows how to turn the pages of a book and discovers pencils. He likes to throw, push, throw, tap and build a tower with blocks. He can show parts of his face and body.
– At the emotional and social level: he participates in undressing. He is entering the phase of opposition to the adult; this is the age of the first tantrums and of saying “no”! He begins to assert his personality.
– At the language level: he says a few words at 12 months, and at 18 months, he associates two words.
From 18 to 24 months
– At the psychomotor level: he runs, climbs, climbs the stairs, participates in undressing and dressing.
– At the language level: his vocabulary grows.
– At the emotional and social level: from 18 months, he begins to learn to clean himself. They look for themselves behind the mirror.
Awakening of the child from 2 to 3 years old
Your child is no longer a baby! His character and personality are asserting themselves.
– At the psychomotor level, he jumps with both feet, rides a tricycle, takes off his shoes, and becomes more or less clean day and night. He draws.
– At the language level: he begins to make sentences and uses the “I”.
– At the emotional and social level: he knows if he is a girl or a boy and enters his oedipal phase.
Awakening of the child from 3 to 4 years
Between the ages of 3 and 4, the child becomes a friendly and increasingly active being.
– At the psychomotor level, he can hop, kick a ball into a goal and button his clothes. He knows how to recognize the square and the triangle. The drawing of the man is becoming more refined.
– At the level of language: his language is enriched.
– And finally, at the affective and social level: he knows his colors. He distinguishes the notions of up and down. He develops his imagination.